新巴尔虎右旗| 临沭| 河间| 邓州| 金坛| 运城| 莱阳| 义马| 吉首| 达州| 宜城| 抚顺市| 武隆| 灵山| 库尔勒| 汶上| 南阳| 水城| 恒山| 华宁| 文县| 昭通| 白银| 潍坊| 都昌| 涿鹿| 吕梁| 弓长岭| 康县| 红河| 桂东| 龙口| 黑水| 磁县| 汾阳| 喀喇沁旗| 下陆| 福清| 畹町| 岳普湖| 曲江| 精河| 长白| 白山| 肃宁| 乌拉特前旗| 谷城| 老河口| 交城| 阿拉善左旗| 安达| 拜城| 阿瓦提| 霸州| 古浪| 芜湖市| 南皮| 灵台| 和布克塞尔| 涪陵| 苍南| 景东| 阜新市| 邹平| 栾城| 靖宇| 安国| 田林| 泉州| 望都| 黄梅| 泸州| 青县| 株洲县| 红古| 荣县| 温宿| 苏尼特右旗| 石景山| 炎陵| 普安| 张家界| 南安| 北京| 新和| 监利| 金川| 迁安| 湘潭市| 兰溪| 青龙| 墨脱| 贵阳| 顺德| 济阳| 曲周| 荔波| 垦利| 陇川| 鄄城| 子洲| 惠安| 新竹县| 尉氏| 边坝| 若尔盖| 蔚县| 延吉| 和龙| 麻山| 贵定| 巩义| 子洲| 霍邱| 阿合奇| 肇东| 吉木萨尔| 辛集| 花莲| 石狮| 仁寿| 修文| 南和| 咸宁| 甘泉| 凤台| 神农顶| 巴中| 从江| 乌兰浩特| 拜泉| 金湖| 凤庆| 凤山| 同德| 淳安| 伊宁市| 昆山| 同心| 湟中| 凤凰| 涿鹿| 凤城| 株洲市| 八公山| 江都| 苍梧| 全椒| 茶陵| 木里| 镇巴| 长泰| 瑞金| 定兴| 卓尼| 泸县| 泾阳| 博乐| 白水| 茂县| 镇宁| 江夏| 佳木斯| 新邵| 富平| 河北| 峨山| 福建| 茶陵| 南昌市| 昌乐| 广饶| 琼山| 常山| 磐石| 明溪| 旅顺口| 昌乐| 罗甸| 金阳| 牙克石| 凤冈| 和静| 治多| 涡阳| 鄂温克族自治旗| 华安| 宜宾县| 绥宁| 旌德| 武当山| 黄岩| 吴江| 吉木萨尔| 陈仓| 韶山| 洛隆| 辽源| 道孚| 昂昂溪| 建阳| 蓝山| 江华| 丰镇| 罗定| 蒙阴| 康乐| 长武| 五指山| 库尔勒| 泰来| 静海| 木垒| 来安| 岫岩| 银川| 南华| 崇礼| 仪征| 慈利| 遂溪| 延津| 沽源| 平利| 大姚| 休宁| 兴业| 郧西| 新津| 大田| 仪陇| 固始| 玉门| 突泉| 河池| 昌平| 桦南| 龙泉驿| 特克斯| 房县| 石楼| 丰顺| 芜湖市| 蓝田| 左云| 芒康| 安国| 拉孜| 相城| 嘉定| 吉安县| 邳州| 余干| 额敏| 噶尔| 余干| 文山| 淮安| 南充| 黄山区| 赫章| 宜章| 昂仁|

慎海雄任中央广播电视总台台长

2019-05-24 16:00 来源:江苏快讯

  慎海雄任中央广播电视总台台长

  Awomangrillsfish,meat,potatoslicesandsweetpotatoonthebonnetofacarinBinzhouCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June5,2018,(Photo/SipaPhoto)Awomangrillsfish,meat,potatoslicesandsweetpotatoonthebonnetofacarinBinzhouCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June5,2018,(Photo/SipaPhoto)Awomangrillsfish,meat,potatoslicesandsweetpotatoonthebonnetofacarinBinzhouCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June5,2018,(Photo/SipaPhoto)PremierLiKeqiangonMondaysaidthepublicshouldbenefitmorefromtheInternetPlusmodel,whichemphasizesap,northwestChinaovemajorareasoflivelihoodforthepublic,allowingpeoplein,Lilearnedthatonlimtopteachers."Withbroadenedknowledge,childrenmighthavetheirlifechanged,""strangleholdproblems"concerningruralinformationinfrastructuresuchasslowinternetconnectionsandpoorfunding,,,which,whohavenowallsaidfarewelltopoverty,toldthepremieraboutgoodhousing,accessibletapwaterandrisingincomes.

ChinalaunchedanewEarthobservationsatellite,Gaofen-6,whichwillbemainlyusedinagriculturalresourcesresearchanddisastermonitoring,June2,2018.(Photo/ChinaNewsService)TheGaofen-6waslaunchedonaLongMarch-2Drocketat12:,Gaofen-6,whichwillbemainlyusedinagriculturalresourcesresearchanddisastermonitoring,June2,2018.(Photo/ChinaNewsService)TheGaofen-6waslaunchedonaLongMarch-2Drocketat12:,Gaofen-6,whichwillbemainlyusedinagriculturalresourcesresearchanddisastermonitoring,June2,2018.(Photo/ChinaNewsService)TheGaofen-6waslaunchedonaLongMarch-2Drocketat12:esametime.CraftswomanLiWenlingshowsherpaper-cuttingworksatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsafolkmusicperformanceatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsateaartshowatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)CraftsmanMuXujianshowsdoughsculpturemakingtojournalistsatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)CraftsmanMuXujianmakesdoughsculpturesatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

  PhototakenonJune2,2018showsthenightviewnearWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthereflectionofWusiSquareonaballooninQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JinLiangkuai)PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthereflectionofWusiSquareonaballooninQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JinLiangkuai)PanoramaphototakenonJune2,2018showsthenightviewofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)PanoramaphototakenonJune2,2018showsthenightviewofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsthenightviewofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsthenightviewofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/MaNing)PhototakenonMay31,2018showsthenightviewofOlympicSailingCenterinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/WangJianhua)PhototakenonMay3,2018showsthenightviewofFushanBayinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonMay7,2018showsthenightviewofFushanBayinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)HuaRunmei,agirlborninthe90sandfromYunnanProvince,checksacoffeetreeinherhometown,DakaiheVillagenearPuerCity,YunnanProvince.(Photo:CuiMeng/GT)Worriedaboutthelowpricesofcoffeebeansfromherhometown,HuaRunmei,agirlborninthe90sandfromYunnanProvince,returnedtoherhometownDakaiheVillage,locatednearPuerCity,YunnanProvince,thabachelorsdegreeininteriordesign,andnowgrowshigh-qualitycoffeebeans,,’erCity,YunnanProvince.(Photo:CuiMeng/GT)HuaRunmeisortscoffeebeanswithfellowvillagers.(Photo:CuiMeng/GT)(Photo:CuiMeng/GT)Avillagersortscoffeebeansonawoodentable.(Photo:CuiMeng/GT)HuaRunmeimakespour-overcoffeewithlocalbeans.(Photo:CuiMeng/GT)HuaRunmeimakespour-overcoffeewithlocalbeans.(Photo:CuiMeng/GT)HuaRunmeiexhibitsdifferentkindsofcoffeebeansamples.(Photo:CuiMeng/GT)

  AwomanisseenatGhandrukvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)MulescarryingemptygascylindersproceedtowardsGhandrukvillagefromChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)PeoplecarryironnetsusedforconstructionatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)AmanworksinthefieldatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)LocalscutthehairofsheepatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)

CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofTuandaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoPortinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay7,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoSportsCenterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonMay13,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofMaidaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofOlympicSailingCenter,whichusedtobeashipyard,inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)

  WednesdayisMangzhonginChinese,or“GraininEar”inEnglish,,“busyplanting”inChinese,whichisalsoanaccuratedescriptionofhowfarmers’lifeisduringthisperiodoftime.“Busy”,farmershavebeenbusyplantingvariouscropsaccordingtotheconditionsoftheirfields,suchasbeans,,,antrainfall,andinsouthernChina,thisperiodoftimehasaspecialnamethe“PlumRain”“PlumRain”season,,andtornadoes,hailstones,stormsanddroughtaremorecommon,,itisalsoatimewhenmanyinsectsstarttoappear,,becausetheChinesebelievethatitonlydrinksjuicefromtreesandeatsnoother“unclean”,suchassculptures,,whosevoicemarksthesummer’:thedrinkthatmakestimebetterThePlumRainmaybeannoying,butnottheplumwine,,,,a,,peoplealsomakeplumwinewithalcohol,,therearealsomanystoriesrelatedwiththedrink,,Mangzhongisnolongerwidelycelebratedasaspecialevent,,inthepast,itwasadaydedi,girlswouldmakehorsesandsedansusingsi,,whichwasmarkedontheseconddayofthesecondlunarmonth,,therearedetaileddescriptionsandrecordsoftheeventinmanyChineseclassics,suchasoneofthebestclassics,“ADreamoftheRedMansions”writtenbyCaoXueqin,awriteroftheQingDynasty(1644-1912).Itisindeedafarewellparty,butnotsosentimentallycelebratedasitoncewas,sincetheflowersofthesummerseasonarereadytobloom.

  AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showsthedryriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showsthedryriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofTuandaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoPortinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay7,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoSportsCenterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonMay13,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofMaidaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofOlympicSailingCenter,whichusedtobeashipyard,inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)

  ApoliceofficerstumbleswhilerunningawayfromanewpyroclasticflowspewedbytheFuegovolcanointhecommunityofSanMiguelLosLotesinEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)ApoliceofficerstumbleswhilerunningawayfromanewpyroclasticflowspewedbytheFuegovolcanointhecommunityofSanMiguelLosLotesinEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)AerialviewoftheaftermathofavolcanoeruptioninEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)Rescuersuseabackhoeloadertoclearastreetattheash-coveredvillageofSanMiguelLosLotes,inEscuintladepartment,about35kmsouthwestofGuatemalaCity,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)ApoliceofficerstumbleswhilerunningawayfromanewpyroclasticflowspewedbytheFuegovolcanointhecommunityofSanMiguelLosLotesinEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)AerialviewoftheaftermathofavolcanoeruptioninEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)AroadsigncoveredwithashisseenafterFuegovolcanoeruptedinEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)

  (LtoR)IvoryCoastsAbdramaneDembele,2m35,FrancesBrahimTakioullah,2m46andArmeniasArshavirGrigoryan,2m33,walkinthecrowdontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,stallestpeoplemetinParisforaweekend.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)OntarioProvincialPoliceofficersworkatthesiteofacrashinvolvingatourbusonHighway401West,nearPrescott,Ontario,Canada,June4,,fourwithlife-threateninginjuries,herelevantCanadianauthoritiestoverifythesituation.(Photo/IC)OntarioProvincialPoliceofficersworkatthesiteofacrashinvolvingatourbusonHighway401West,nearPrescott,Ontario,Canada,June4,,fourwithlife-threateninginjuries,herelevantCanadianauthoritiestoverifythesituation.(Photo/IC)

  TwoTaiChiparticipantscompeteinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)AparticipantperformsTaiChiinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)AparticipantperformsTaiChiinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)TwoTaiChiparticipantscompeteinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)

  TheSoyuzMS-07capsulecarryingthecrewofNorishigeKanaiofJapan,AntonShkaplerovofRussia,hetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)GroundpersonnelhelpInternationalSpaceStationcrewmemberAntonShkaplerovofRussiatogetoutoftheSoyuzMS-07spacecapsuleshortlyafterlandinginaremoteareaoutsidethetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)GroundpersonnelcarryInternationalSpaceStationcrewmemberNorishigeKanaiofJapantogetoutoftheSoyuzMS-07spacecapsuleshortlyafterlandinginaremoteareaoutsidethetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)InternationalSpaceStation(ISS)crewmemberAntonShkaplerovofRussiagetsmedicaltreatmentshortlyafterthelandingoftheSoyuzMS-07spacecapsuleinaremoteareaoutsidethetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-07capsulecarryingthecrewofNorishigeKanaiofJapan,AntonShkaplerovofRussia,,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  PhototakenonJune1,2018showsWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsaflowerinstallationinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhuZheng)PhototakenonJune2,2018showsWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)PhototakenonJune3,2018showsWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/PurbuZhaxi)PhototakenonJune3,2018showsflowersalongaroadinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/PurbuZhaxi)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsflowersatWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AstaffmemberdecoratesasignofShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June2,(Xinhua/MaNing)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsredlanternsinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhuZheng)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsaninstallationmadeofflowersinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AstreetcarrunsonastreetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AbusrunsonastreetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/MaNing)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)

  

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教师节30年,反思教师的权利与权力
编辑:宋婷 来源:新京报 日期:2019-05-24 10:38
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《新京报》9月11日发表评论,题为:教师节30年,反思教师的权利与权力,全文如下:

 

教师节第三十个年头,我们仍然要提倡尊师重教。也应看到,教师权利在缺乏充分保障的同时,亦存在着教师权力过大。在这样的时间节点,有必要再次梳理教师的权利与权力,使其在法律和道德的框架上更好地运行。

 

昨天是第三十个教师节。然而,就在当天,湖北孝感高中近160名教师,因为编制问题聚集学校门口维权,过了一个异样的教师节。同时,256人致信教育部及厦大校长呼吁建性骚扰防范制,呼吁彻查厦大性骚扰事件。

 

湖北孝感的教师编制问题,并非个例,这就是行政主导教师管理的结果。教师因学校不同、身份不同、编制不同而有福利保障不同,这无疑是歧视。更进一步说,在学校之内,教师本应该拥有的教育决策权、评价权,也被行政掌控,目前的中小学办学,存在严重的行政化的倾向,学校是行政治校而非教育家办学,这不利于教师的职业化和专业化发展,也导致社会对教师师德的质疑。但这其实不是教师的问题,而是学校没有现代学校制度,不实行民主管理的问题。

 

在现代学校制度中,教师有参与学校办学管理的权利,包括在负责学区教育发展战略制定、选拔校长的社区教育委员会,有教师代表;在对教师进行管理、考核、评价时,不由行政部门负责,而是由教师委员会进行。由于教师有参与重大办学决策的权利,在选拔校长时有投票权,加之对教师进行同行评价,因此教师在教育教学中,有较为充分的教育自主权,尤其是实行教师同行评价,讲的是教育贡献和教育教学能力,而不是一些功利的行政性指标。在这种办学环境中,学校行政不得干涉教师的教育,而是为教师教育教学服务。

 

进一步赋予教师参与学校办学管理、决策的权利,让学校回归教育本位,保障教师的基本权利不受侵犯,才会在此基础上让教师有职业荣誉感。

 

也应看到,教师权利缺乏充分保障的同时,有关教师在校园中权力行使的问题,也应引起我们的重视。

 

教师的权力是什么?应该是对学生以及家长能够起到惩戒和施加的影响等。近年来,教师涉嫌性骚扰的案件屡屡被曝光,但有些案件并没有得到妥善处理,其根源就是因为学校缺乏相应的政策和处理机制。不管在大学还是中小学,在校园这个封闭的空间,教师作为强势一方,有着绝对的话语权,掌握着更多的资源,不论是学生的学业、生活等方面,一旦教师实施这种权力,都有着不可小觑的影响。而对家长来说,教师节送不送礼、送多少礼的焦虑,也正是缘于教师权力的强大。或许,作为家长,教师并不能直接对其影响,但通过学生,比如一个座位的调整、班级职务的安排等等,就可以让家长服从于教师的权力之下。进而,有了给教师送礼送钱、讨教师欢心潜规则的盛行。

 

因此,教师的权力也应当有明确的制度约束,以及相应的监督机制。

 

教师节第三十个年头,我们继续提倡尊师重教,而在这样的时间节点,也有必要再次梳理教师的权利与权力,使其在法律和道德的框架下更好地运行。相信不管保障教师参与重大办学决策的权利,还是制定防性侵管理办法等,更好的制度才能最大限度地保障尊师重教。

 

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